The Victorian Curriculum F-10 developed by the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) sets out what every student should learn during their first eleven years of schooling. The curriculum is the common set of knowledge and skills required by students for life-long learning, social development and active and informed citizenship.

The Victorian Curriculum F-10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards. To support teachers with the development of Home Economics courses in secondary schools, Home Economics Victoria has developed a curriculum flowchart for levels 7 & 8 and a curriculum flowchart for levels 9 & 10.

Home economics supports students to develop the capacity to make decisions, solve problems and develop critical and creative responses to practical concerns of individuals, families and communities. Where Home Economics is offered as a subject, the teaching and learning program is based on curriculum drawn from both Health and Physical Education and Design and Technologies.

Content drawn from the Health and Physical Education curriculum relates to food and nutrition, growth and development, identity, and connecting to others. Students develop the knowledge to make healthy choices about food and nutrition and explore the range of influences on these choices, and build the skills to access and assess nutritional information that can support healthy choices.

In Design and Technologies, students learn how to apply knowledge of the characteristics and scientific and sensory principles of food, along with the nutrition principles described in Health and Physical Education, to food selection and preparation. They do this through the design and preparation of food for specific purposes and consumers. They also develop understandings of contemporary technology-related food issues such as convenience foods, highly processed foods, food packaging and food transport.

In Health and Physical Education, students become increasingly aware of the stages of human growth and development. They take increasing responsibility for their own growth and development by exploring, and learning how to manage the many different factors that influence their identities. Students also develop a practical understanding of how connections to other people influence wellbeing. They learn positive ways to communicate, interact and relate to others in a range of social and movement-based situations.